Part 2 – Imperfection factors
The Eurocode EN 1993-1-1 offers basically two methods for the buckling verification of members:
(1) based on buckling reduction factors (buckling curves) and
(2) based on equivalent geometrical imperfections.gate
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In this paper a numerical study is presented which examines a steel frame with two different finite element programs. Stability failure is more frequent in a lot of cases than strength failure hence it is important to focus on these failure modes: global, in-plane-, out-of-plane -, lateral-torsional- and local buckling. Three models were used with different elements such as shell elements and 7 DOF beam elements. 7 DOF beam elements were used in the first model, shell elements were used in the other two. The first of the shell models gave too much local buckling shapes therefore it was improved with local constraints and that is the third model where global buckling shapes can be examined. There are three different procedures to calculate the resistance: (i) the general method, (ii) the method of the reduction factors, and (iii) the simulation. The analysis results of the different programs and design methods were compared to each other and to the manual calculation based on the Eurocode 3 standards.Download article
Tóth A. , Joó A.: Comparative study of steel frame modelling levels and Eurocode based design methods, “Model Validation and Simulation” – Graduate Courses for Structural Engineering Applications, Bauhaus Summer School 2015